Burundikids

"School burundikids1and training places to provide sound training in the areas of agroforestry, cattle breeding and resource preservation for especially underprivileged young people in the rural area of Burundi”:

Fittings and furnishings for a multi-purpose hall and a classroom and improvement of sanitary facilities

Project costs: EUR 9,777.12

 

A project by burundikids e.V. in collaboration with

fondation stamm

 

Context and analysis

Burundi in East Africa has the lowest ranking in the 2014 Global Hunger Index (no data is available for 2015). With a surface area of 27,834 km² it is one of Africa’s smallest states yet is also among the continent’s most densely populated countries. In 2015 the International Monetary Fund declared Burundi the “poorest country in the world”, with an average annual per-capita income of USD 315. The population numbers approximately 10 million, with 65% suffering from malnutrition and 90% living off the land in rural areas . The reason for the country's desolate economic and social situation is the civil war which raged from 1993 until after 2005 (the official end) between Hutu and Tutsi at the ethnic border, claiming 300,000 lives and turning a million people into migrants.

The province of Ngozi in the north of the country (see map attached) is one of the most densely populated in Burundi. Some 80,000 people live in the district of Ruhororo, half of whom are aged under 16. The district is not connected to the power grid and there is no consistent supply of drinking water. Farming is still carried out according to old, obsolete methods and is no longer capable of generating sufficient food for the population. In addition, there is high level of resource consumption (e.g. wood) which promotes soil erosion and exacerbates the poor food situation in the north of Burundi. The growth rate of the population is more than 3%, so pressure on natural resources will continue to increase . Unfortunately there is only very limited processing of products to increase value creation. The negative spiral of an expanding population, scarcity of resources and social tension has led to a food shortage.

There are not enough schools and qualified teachers throughout the whole of Burundi, especially at secondary level. An average of some 100 children attend a single class at primary school level (1st - 6th grade) due to the lack of space. Only 20% of primary school leavers are able to go onto secondary school (7th - 13th grade). The demand for school places is growing with the population. Qualified teaching staff have had to be brought in from the cities and the existing school infrastructure and facilities are poor. In the post-conflict phase (from 2005), development of the individual regions has been inadequate and very varied.

The main problem in Ruhororo was a lack of training in modern agriculture, cattle breeding and resource preservation. To tackle this problem and in the wake of repeated famines, the local partner (Fondation Stamm) conceived and established an agricultural college in 2007 in two communities in the north of Burundi – one of them in Ruhororo: they are the so-called CERDA centers (Centres pour le Rayonnement du Développement Agricole). Further training programs were offered for farmers and cattle breeders at these centers. In addition to this, those who completed the programs were provided with support on their home farms so as to ensure implementation of the new techniques and methods. In a project which ran parallel to school and vocational training, cooperative structures were established and reinforced among smallholder farmers. This led to an increase in productivity and economic output, and with the establishment of self-help groups, smallholders are now able to sustain their families themselves, which includes paying for youngsters to join training programs.


1 GIZ Country Information, https://www.liportal.de/burundi/ueberblick/#c22048
2 Source: FAO, Country Fact Sheet, Burundi http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/data/cf/readPdf.html?f=BDI-CF_eng.pdf


Over the years, school students have come from further and further away in response to the excellent reputation of the CERDA training programs. In order to improve study conditions for young people from mainly poor rural households – and indeed to enable it to happen in the first place – a boarding facility was built with rooms for girls and boys. Promoting girls is a particular focus of project work in Burundi.
Thanks to the progress made, there has been increasing demand among young people for more substantial training programs and school certificates. There has been an urgent need to build a school in Ruhororo so as to create additional schooling capacity, increase the educational level among children/young people and a) enable and b) improve the preparation of youngsters for vocational training. In collaboration with the local authorities, the decision was made in view of a shift demand in the population to change the training center in Ruhororo - which had previously offered a simple certificate - into an accredited school offering a four-year educational program (9th - 13th grade) culminating in the A2 certificate (a vocational baccalaureate diploma). As a result, the Ecole Technique de l’Education Environnementale (ETEE) was established with an official curriculum: specialist courses such as agroforestry, ecology, herbal medicine, microbiology and animal breeding, along with general subjects such as languages, math, etc. In the first academic year 2015/16, 50 school students (including 28 girls) had registered at the ETEE. Numbers are expected to double next academic year.
The expansion of the educational program in combination with the more rigorous secondary school standards applied by the Ministry of Education has now led to a lack of space, however. On the one hand there is growing demand among the population for school places, while on the other hand the ministries are applying regulations which are monitored in regular inspections.
This has led to a need for further construction measures as well as additional furnishings and fittings for the school rooms. This is the subject of the current application. The aim is to alleviate the lack of space by building a new classroom. This newly built classroom is to be equipped with school furniture. In order to meet the hygiene requirements of a boarding school, it is also necessary to upgrade the existing sanitary facilities. The existing multi-purpose room, which serves as a dining hall and a study hall, has to be fitted with additional furniture and cooking utensils due to the increasing numbers of students.


Target group

Approx. 100 school students at the “Ecole Technique d’Education Environnementale” (ETEE) in 9th - 13th grade, mostly highly underprivileged youngsters from rural areas and some former street children from the project sponsor’s welfare institutions.
2. Eight teachers at the school and one boarding director (the teaching staff is being successively expanded to cope with the increasing number of students and classes).
3. As an extended target group: the school community (at least 600 people: direct target group x 6 people/household).

All in all the study conditions will improve for 100 school students (academic year 2016/17), most of them highly underprivileged youngsters from rural areas in the province of Ngozi as well as former street children and child soldiers from the social projects run by the project sponsor. Fondation Stamm runs supervised residential units and homes for former street children and child soldiers in several regions of the country.

 

Project goal

Contribute to improving the lives and educational situation of highly underprivileged young people in the rural community of Ruhororo.

Subgoals:

G1: Create a concrete basis for improved quality of education and enhanced study conditions for approx. 100 secondary school students.
G2: Add a new classroom for theoretical study and vocational preparation in the area of modern agriculture, cattle breeding and resource preservation.
G3: Add a multi-purpose room for use as cafeteria for boarding school students and create study corners on the school premises.
G4. Additional sanitary facilities for the school and boarding facility.

The aim is to improve the quality of study conditions and the educational level of approx. 100 school students from the rural area in the academic year 2016/17. Learning capacity and student achievement will be raised by the school cafeteria since it creates space for afternoon teaching, examination preparation and boarding school requirements.

Measures

1. Furnishings and fittings for a classroom
2. Furnishings and fittings for a multi-purpose room
3. Expansion of sanitary facilities

By installing school furnishings and fittings, additional study capacity is created in the form of a classroom for theoretical teaching, thereby addressing the school’s acute problems of space that are currently impairing the quality of education.

Schedule

The installation of furniture and fittings and the expansion of the sanitary facilities should ideally start in October 2016 (start of the academic year). It would also be possible to start later, however.

Budget

A subsidy of EUR 9,777.12 is requested for this project. The project sponsor’s own contribution and that of the applicant cover the building of the school and running the school and boarding facility.
See attachment for budget details. Partial funding of the budget proposal is possible.

Continuation/follow-up funding

This project does not generate follow-up costs: it is a one-off procurement and development measure.
The school ETEE is run by Fondation Stamm and in part by burundikids e.V.; it is partly funded by its own revenue (e.g. school fees and contributions for food at the school cafeteria).
What is more, the mid-term goal is to cover most of the school’s costs (all costs in the long term) from the school's own revenue (tuition fees paid by students, revenue generated by the complex for services provided by the school laboratory, for example).